Many picturesque villages and small towns are scattered in the Upper Tiber Valley, which presents itself with its countless natural, historical and architectural treasures as one of the most attractive territories of Central Italy.
The town of Citta di Castello is the biggest and most important urban centre in the Upper Tiber Valley; with its forty thousand inhabitants it lies at about 300 meters above sea level and covers an area of 387 sq km.
The city is home of a precious historical, religious and artistic heritage, of monuments that date back to Roman times and include testimonies of a lively Renaissance civilization. The historic city is characterized not by a castle as one might infer from its name, but by a round Campanile unique testimony of the distant origins of the Romanesque Cathedral and by a medieval civic tower, both surrounded by a powerful sixteenth century city wall.
The museums of the city host a rich treasure of paintings, dating back to different eras, from Luca Signorelli to Raphael in the Municipal Art Gallery, while two museums present the work of Alberto Burri, important artist of the last century whose hundredth birthday the city celebrated in 2015.
The city is an attractive tourism town, it organizes a variety of cultural events from the Festival delle Nazioni that presents the musical heritage of a different nation every year (2016 France), the “Mostra del Cavallo”, second most important national horse show, the “Tiferno Comics”, the Fair of Practical Utopias that since 1988 presents experiences and solutions of an ecological conversion of economy and society and the “Mostra del Tartufo” that has at its centre the truffle, a delicacy found in the surrounding woods.
The territory of the Upper Tiber Valley in the past has been characterized by good economic growth driven by an agricultural sector specialized in the cultivation of tobacco and a manufacturing sector focusing on the processing of tobacco, printing and publishing, textiles, mechanical engineering and furniture.
Critical elements and challenges for the city of Città di Castello are to stop the shrinking of the population in the historic centre, to render the agricultural sector sustainable, diversifying production and improving soil fertility, and to strengthen the high quality tertiary sector which is relatively weak because of the historic predominance of the agricultural and manufacturing sectors.